Candidates for rhinoplasty are physically healthy and have realistic expectations about the range of cosmetic outcomes possible from the procedure. They should have complete facial growth (i.e. be out of adolescence).
Candidates who smoke or have serious conditions that interfere with the regular healing process are not good candidates for rhinoplasty.
Like other procedures, a rhinoplasty requires certain general surgery procedures such as preoperative blood testing, medications, and cessation of smoking or use of pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
During initial recovery, a splint or packing will be placed inside the nose and another one will be placed outside to support and protect new structures during initial healing. Initial swelling will subside within a few weeks, but it may take up a year to achieve the permanent outcome. Noticeable swelling will subside within the first two weeks, but patients should continue to be cautious about any contact with the nose over the next few months after surgery (from getting jostled to avoiding forceful nose blowing).
As with any surgery, there are risks of complications related to infection or adverse reactions to anesthesia. A proper assessment of every patient, along with complete lab work, will help prevent postoperative complications. After healing, scars are handled with special treatments to help minimize their appearance.
Risks of rhinoplasty include puncturing of the septum, serious nasal blockage, scarring at the base of the nose and over or undercorrection that requires revision surgery.